How to Authenticate with Facebook using OAuth2 and React

14 March, 2023

Web DevelopmentReact

Authentication with Facebook API is necessary to access certain features like user data, posts, etc. Facebook provides an OAuth 2.0 authentication protocol to authenticate users and obtain an access token. In order to use this protocol with React, we need to follow a few steps. Let's dive in.

Step 1: Create a Facebook App and Get App ID and App Secret

To use Facebook authentication with your React app, you first need to create a Facebook app on the Facebook Developer Portal. After creating the app, you can find your App ID and App Secret in the app's dashboard.

Step 2: Install the Facebook SDK and React Facebook Login package

To use the Facebook API with React, we need to install the Facebook SDK and the react-facebook-login package using the npm package manager. Run the following command in your terminal:

npm install facebook-sdk react-facebook-login

Step 3: Initialize the Facebook SDK

In order to use the Facebook SDK, we need to initialize it with our App ID. We can do this by adding the following code to our React component:

import React, { useEffect } from 'react'; import FacebookLogin from 'react-facebook-login'; const App = () => { useEffect(() => { window.fbAsyncInit = function() { window.FB.init({ appId : 'YOUR_APP_ID', autoLogAppEvents : true, xfbml : true, version : 'v10.0' }); }; (function(d, s, id) { let js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); = id; js.src = ""; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); }(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk')); }, []); return ( <div> {/* your component code here */} </div> ); }; export default App;

In the above if you are using Typescript and the compiler complains that window.FB does not exist, simply change this line to (window as any).FB.

In the window.fbAsyncInit function, we initialize the Facebook SDK with our App ID and set the version to use. In the useEffect hook, we load the Facebook SDK asynchronously and set the SDK to auto-log app events.

Step 4: Add Facebook Login Button

To allow users to authenticate with Facebook, we need to add a Facebook Login button to our React component. We can use the react-facebook-login package to add this button. Add the following code to your component:

import React, { useEffect } from 'react'; import FacebookLogin from 'react-facebook-login'; const App = () => { useEffect(() => { // Initialize Facebook SDK here from above }, []); const responseFacebook = (response) => { console.log(response); }; return ( <div> <FacebookLogin appId="YOUR_APP_ID" autoLoad={false} fields="name,email,picture" callback={responseFacebook} scope="ads_read,ads_management" /> </div> ); }; export default App;

In the FacebookLogin component, we set the appId to our App ID and specify the fields we want to retrieve from the user's Facebook profile. We also provide a callback function.

The additional scope requests access to the Facebook user's Ads data which is available if they have been running ads on the Facebook platform.

The callback function will receive the user's authentication token which can be added to subsequent requests to other Facebook API endpoints to authenticate and return data in the context of that user.

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